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Like other types of diabetes, gestational diabetes is marked by increased glucose levels and insufficient insulin production. Blood sugar levels become too high, putting mom and baby at risk for health problems. As per latest research it occurs in about 5% to 7% of all pregnancies. So, if you facing this issue believe me you are not alone. During pregnancy, an organ called the placenta develops in the uterus the mother. Placenta purpose is to make sure that the baby has enough food and water. Placenta also make several hormones. Some of these hormones make it hard for insulin to do its job of controlling blood sugar also knows as blood glucose.
Who is at risk?
Gestational diabetes is not uncommon. There are a number of risk factors that increase one’s odds, but really, any pregnant woman could be at risk for gestational diabetes. Maintaining a healthy diet and exercise regimen is the best way to lower your odds of developing this condition.
Most health care providers offer a glucose screening to expectant women near the end of their second trimester. If the glucose screening reveals that your blood sugar is too high, you could be diagnosed with gestational diabetes.
Typically, treatment includes following a balanced meal plan and exercising regularly. You will be asked to test your glucose level daily via finger pricks. You might need to give yourself insulin injections, and you could require medication to regulate your blood sugar.
According to American Diabetes Association, the pregnant women who are suffering from gestational diabetes during pregnancy. More or less stringent glycemic goals may be appropriate for each individual.
- Before a meal (preprandial): 95 mg/dl or less
- 1-hour after a meal (postprandial): 140 mg/dl or less
- 2-hours after a meal (postprandial): 120 mg/dl or less
However, you should consult your Gynecologist for a proper medication as well. Remember, we never advise self-medication.
Gayle Laakmann McDowell of Vine Grove, Kentucky, kept a log of her food choices and blood sugar levels after she was diagnosed with gestational diabetes. “It made me hyper-aware of the food that I was putting into my body,” recalls Gayle Laakmann McDowell. “I was more active and ended up having a great recovery postpartum”. Gayle Laakmann McDowell also shares this key ingredient to her success: “Once I was diagnosed with gestational diabetes and had to go on a special diet, my husband jumped right in and embraced the diet as well.” Having a supportive partner can make such a difference!
Although diabetes treatment can be tedious, it’s nice to know that the daily rigor is well worth it. “It was hard and tiring always having to be aware of every little thing I ate,” says Gayle Laakmann McDowell. “But in the end, I wouldn’t change anything because I know that I did everything I could do for my son to be born healthy.