Hyperemesis gravidarum

Hyperemesis Gravidarum:Sings, Syptoms, Causes & Treatment

Hyperemesis Gravidarum:

Hyperemesis Gravidarum is a severe form of vomiting and nausea during pregnancy which leads to weight loss, and ketosis. This condition when not treated well can cause a lot of damage to the pregnant women and her baby including drastic weight loss, volume depletion, imbalance of acid-base, deficiency of nutrients in the body and some extreme cases death.

3% of the pregnant women face HG in their early pregnancy but this issue is temporary and there are many methods to control it.

Hyperemesis Gravidarum

Hyperemesis Gravidarum Sings and symptoms:

HG usually starts during the first trimester of pregnancy and some even face this issue in the entire period of pregnancy as well. Below are some common signs and symptoms of HG which make it easier to identify:

  • Contestant feeling of nausea;
  • Morning sickness and vomiting;
  • Low appetite;
  • About 3 to 5 vomiting each day;
  • Feeling dizzy and light or heavy headed;
  • Drastic weight loss of about 5% of your total body weight due to vomiting;
  • Disturb sleep;
  • Depression;
  • Anxiety;
  • Mood swings;
  • Low concentration;
  • Hyperolfaction;
  • Rapid heart rate;
  • Jaundice;
  • Low blood pressure;
  • Dehydration;
  • Fatigue;
  • Low urine production;
  • Fainting;
  • Unhealthy skin;

Hyperemesis Gravidarum causes:

Almost all pregnant women suffer from some kind of morning sickness, nausea, vomiting, and HG in their pregnancy. All these issues are not only restricted to the morning but can happen any time of the day, some women suffer this in the early stage of pregnancy and some through their pregnancy.

But what is a cause of HG? This happen because of the human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG), it is a hormone which is released in a body of pregnant women by the placenta; this hormone is produced in a really large amount in early pregnancy.

The rate of HG varies from one woman to another because of difference in their body and production of hormones in their body. Secondly, there are some other factors which are causing HG:

  • When it is first pregnancy and your body is not familiar with it;
  • You have a family history of HG during pregnancy;
  • When your body reacts to the estrogen-based hormonal contraceptive;
  • History of migraines, light or heavy headed issues and travel sickness;
  • You are pregnant in young age;
  • Overweight when the pregnancy happens;
  • History of HG during pregnancy;
  • Suffering from Trophoblastic disease, in which there is abnormal growth of cells in the uterus;

Hyperemesis Gravidarum Treatment:

HG can be serious and cause more damage when not properly treated and managed. But usually, when a pregnant woman suffers from a normal level of HG there is not something to very worried about but consults your doctor or midwife for this issue.

HG can be treated in three ways

  1. Natural remedies:

Usually, when an HG cause in early pregnancy, natural remedies must be used to ease the pain and feel less nausea. These natural remedies are used over the ages to control and manage to vomit during pregnancy.

  • Bed rest can comfort you and help you feel better. When suffering from HG, don’t waste your energy very much and try to rest when possible.
  • Acupressure is one of the oldest ways of curing HG, apply pressure to your pressure points guided by professional and comfort your HG.
  • Herbs such as ginger and peppermint will make you feel less nausea. Fennel seeds are also a good alternative in this case.
  • Homeopathic medicines can also help you in HG; these are effective and less powerful as well.
  1. Regular medication:

Doctors recommend different medication to stop excessive vomiting and worst of HG by giving medication which is safe to take during pregnancy such as:

  • metoclopramide;
  • antihistamines;
  • antireflux medications;
  1. Treatments in extreme cases:

When HG gets extreme don’t try to treat it at home but reach your doctor as soon as possible. The extreme cases may include hospitalization when the patient loses a lot of nutrients due to vomiting and suffering from weight loss. This many include some methods to relief the patient and provide quick nutrients such as:

  • IV (intravenous fluids) is given to restore all the weakness and dehydration by providing nutrients, vitamins, and electrolytes.
  • Tube feeding is another way to restore the nutrients by feeding patient from nose to the stomach.
  • Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy is done in very extreme cases when the patient is not digesting any food, in this method a tube is passed from abdomen to the stomach with help of a surgical procedure.

Hyperemesis Gravidarum Complications:

The HG is commonly seen in pregnant women but it can be complicated as well. When HG is not controlled by lifestyle and regular medication ask your doctors to about it and scan for your and baby health.

Effects of Hyperemesis Gravidarum on baby:

There is no harmful effect on your body due to HG. When the mother is suffering from HG throughout pregnancy the baby may weigh less and smaller in size on birth because fewer nutrients reach the baby due to vomiting. But when usually in mild Hyperemesis Gravidarum the baby born healthy and receive all the nutrients in the second and third trimester of pregnancy.

Try not to over-eat and force eats while suffering from Hyperemesis Gravidarum, you can do this later when you feel better.

Effects of Hyperemesis Gravidarum on pregnant women:

Hyperemesis Gravidarum can because you feel exhausted, dehydrated and weak, due to which you cannot fully enjoy your pregnancy. It can also limit your daily routine, work, and small tasks when this carried on for entire 9 months. The Hyperemesis Gravidarum can drain out all your energy and you can feel low and depressed as well, try to communicate your problems with your family, partner and friends. Try to get as much help as possible for completing daily tasks and taking more rest.


Hyperemesis Gravidarum is quite normal during pregnancy, but if it gets extreme you can always ask your doctor for better treatment. In most extreme cases the patient suffering from Hyperemesis Gravidarum can become deficient, dehydrated and even death but luckily with proper medical care, it has very fewer chances.

Guest Author: This post was written by Kristen Williams of Top10bestpro.com where she reviews tech gadgets.


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