Yeast Infection During Pregnancy

Yeast Infection During Pregnancy

What, When, and How Often?

Yeast infection during pregnancy is incredibly itchy, cheesy white growth you can get from taking antibiotics or wearing nylon underwear.  When you’re nursing, yeast can grow on your nipples or in your baby’s mouth, causing problems for both of you.

Yeast Infection During Pregnancy

Yeast or vaginal candidiasis to give it its medical name—is a fungal infection that causes a proliferation of candida Albicans (a natural yeast) in the vaginal tract. It causes increased vaginal discharge (which can smell of yeast), sometimes pain during sexual intercourse, and some soreness and itchiness in the vagina. Yeast is a type of fungus that normally live inside the genitals of women and men too. However, women are highly susceptible to getting vaginal yeast infections normally called vaginitis or vulvovaginal candidiasis.

Favorite Body parts of yeast infection

You probably associate yeast with vaginal infections, but yeast can grow anywhere, the conditions are right. Pregnancy can foster yeast grow for several reasons; You may develop extra folds of skin under your enlarged abdomen and breasts; you may experience increased perspiration; and your hormone levels spike.  Even your chocolate cravings can contribute to the problem because yeast thrives in a sugar-laden environment.

If you receive antibiotics after cesarean delivery, you can easily develop a yeast infection, because killing off the good bacteria along with the bad allows yeast to overgrow.  You can infect your nipple with yeast by touching another yeasty area, such as your vagina, and then your nipple or the baby can infect you with thrush from his mouth.

What Cause Yeast Infection During Pregnancy?

An increase in pregnancy hormones causes the body’s natural sugars to increase around the vagina, which “feeds” candida. Sometimes the infection is sexually transmitted, but yeast often occurs while taking, or just after, a course of antibiotics.

Did You Know.....
  • Vaginitis or vaginal yeast infection is caused by yeast overgrowth (a type of fungus), commonly known as candida Albicans.
  • Every year 75% of women suffer with candida overgrowth.
  • Common symptoms of vaginal yeast infection are severe itching and burning, discharge or white mucus, and pain during intercourse or urination.
  • Vaginal yeast infection are sometimes contagious, although they are not Sexually transmitted disease (STI), but somehow can be spread by sexual contact.
  • Yeast infections are often caused by pregnancy, hormonal therapy, intake of antibiotics and contraceptives, diabetes and weak immune system.
  • There are natural and medicated treatments to cure yeast infection at any stage or severity.

 

What does it mean for my Pregnancy and Baby?

Yeast infection during pregnancy poses no risks to your baby, but the infection can pass to the baby during vaginal birth.  Keep in mind that thrush generally affects babies in one of two ways: as a mouth infection called oral thrush or as a diaper rash.  Both are uncomfortable, and oral thrush can interfere with nursing.

Oral Thrush

Oral Thrush
Oral Thrush

Oral thrush usually shows up as white patches inside the baby’s mouth, including on the tongue.  If you wipe the white area off, you can see reddened, irritated skin underneath.  The baby may refuse to nurse, or he/she may nurse only a short time before crying.  He may be especially gassy (a side effect of yeast).  Before the patches show up, you may notice that the baby’s saliva and the insides of his cheeks have what’s been described as a pearly appearance.

Diaper Rash

The baby may or may not have yeast in diaper area at the same time.  Diaper rash is especially common if the baby is heavy; yeast grow in the moist crevices.  Instead of white spots, you may see a bright red, bumpy rash, the affected skin may be cracked and oozing clear fluid and blood.

 

yeast infection or diaper rash on baby
                           yeast infection or diaper rash on baby
diaper rash
     diaper rash

If you suspect that your baby has thrush, consult your pediatrician for treatment.  Most importantly yeast infection during pregnancy will not affect or hurt your baby in womb.

What Is Yeast Infection?

All of us carry some forms of microorganisms on our skin.  Candida is a yeast carried by half the population.  Normally, microorganisms such as Candida cause no problems at all.  However, if the normal balance between good and bad microorganisms in your body is upset, the harmless yeast fungus can overgrow, causing symptoms such as painful red skin, itching, and a white appearance.

Candida
Candida

Yeast is a type of fungus usually grows in the vagina, it is also known as vaginal yeast infection, or yeast vaginitis, candida vulvovaginitis, or candida vaginitis. This kind of infections are very common, they are not very serious, but can bother a lot.  Yeast infections affect women majorly. However, men also suffer with its ill effects. The scientific name for the yeast that causes it is known as candida, where more than 90% of the yeast infections are called Candida albicans.

What Causes The Vaginal Yeast Infection During Pregnancy?

A healthy vagina has many bacteria and few yeast cells to function properly. The most common type of bacteria found in the vagina is Lactobacillus acidophilus candida protect the vagina from yeast and candida infections.

Yeast infections during pregnancy usually flourishes for one of two reasons.  Either the good bacteria that keep problem causing organisms like yeast under control are destroyed (as is the case when you take antibiotics), or an area that is usually fairly dry becomes more moist than normal.  Yeast thrives in dark, warm, moist areas.  Yeast infection during pregnancy can be in your vagina, under your breasts, in the baby’s diaper area or mouth, or even under fingernails!

When something happens to the system and try to change the balance of these orgasms, acidophilus yeast infection can grow and cause painful symptoms. Taking antibiotics can also cause the imbalance. The increase in estrogen levels can also cause yeast infection and sometimes diabetes or HIV infection cause it.

Wearing wet breast pads for extended times can also give Candida a nice, warm growth area, especially because the fungus grows well in the sugar found in breast milk.

Are yeast infections contagious?

However, yeast infections can be transmitted to a male sex partner even though they are not considered to be a sexually-transmitted disease (STD). There are no evidences that show Yeast infections contagious, however, people can suffer with constant yeast infections or multiple yeast infections.

What are the many causes of yeast overgrowth?

The summary of causes of Overgrowth yeast are as follows:

  • Overuse of antibiotics (as antibiotics and yeast infections often make the right combination), which decreases lactobacillus bacteria and change the PH of vagina and cause severe yeast infections.
  • Pregnancy and other hormonal changes sometimes cause a yeast infection.
  • Uncontrolled diabetes also plays a role in yeast overgrowth (that is why diabetes and yeast infection are often linked together).
  • The weak immune system also plays a role in yeast infections.
  • Hormone therapy, oral contraceptives increase estrogen levels and cause yeast overgrowth.

What Are The Symptoms Of Yeast Infection?

Vaginal yeast infections have set of symptoms. Usually, the symptoms get severe with time especially when the infection is left untreated for a long time.  You may have yeast infection and not even know it.  With all the discomforts of late pregnancy, a yeast infection during pregnancy may go unnoticed.

Some common symptoms include:

  • Itching and severe burning in the vagina and the tissues of a vulva.
  • Painful intercourse.
  • Soreness and rashes of vagina and vulva.
  • Discharge of thick, odorless white mucus (looks like cottage cheese) that can change the color with the severity of the infection.

What Is The Complicated Yeast Infection?

Some women encounter complicated yeast infections that have very painful symptoms, such as:

  • Redness, itching and swelling that leads to tears or soreness of vaginal tissues.
  • You get more four or more than four infections in a year.
  • Other types of candida cause the infection.
  • You are pregnant or taking hormone therapy.
  • Your immune system is weakened due to certain health conditions such as diabetes or HIV infections, or you are taking certain medicines such as oral contraceptives.

How To Diagnose Yeast Infection?

Even though yeast infection shows clear sign through vaginal itching and discharge, but the same symptoms are also caused by other conditions bacterial vaginosis and Trichomonas infections. To determine whether it is a yeast infection or not, a sample of discharge is sent to the laboratory test. The test can be conducted on direct on culture or direct examination under a microscope, to identify the yeast organisms and its causes such as sexually-transmitted pathogens or bacterial vaginosis.

 When To Go To The Doctor?

Mild infections can be treated with some over-the-counter drugs, however, when the symptoms start getting worse consult your doctor or gynecologist.  Here is what you should be doing when you find something wrong happened inside you.

  • Grab a journal and start writing the symptoms you’ve had and for how long. Moreover, note down the medicines you have been taking for long and any other conditions for which you’re being treated, (do not forget all those self-prescribed drugs you took for yeast cure flow).
  • Write vitamins and other supplements on the list.
  • Avoid the use of tampons or vagina soap cleansing and douching so that your doctor can assess any discharge better.

Make a list of questions, queries, symptoms to share with your doctor, for example, you can ask questions like:

  • How can I prevent yeast or candida overgrowth?
  • What symptoms or signs should I watch out for?
  • Do I need oral medicines?
  • What are yeast die off symptoms skin show?
  • What are yeast infection die off symptoms?
  • What are the symptoms of yeast die off?
  • Does boric acid yeast infections become painful in diabetes?
  • What are the symptoms of parasite die off?
  • How to get rid of yeast infection?
  • How to treat yeast die off rash?
  • Does my partner also need diagnosis and treatments?
  • Is there any burning sensation when you pee or have sexual intercourse?
  • Is your vagina discharge a fishy smell?
  • What kind of over-the-counter products are available in the market?
  • What kills yeast in the body?
  • What can I do if my symptoms return after treatment?
  • And most importantly, Can you die from a yeast infection?

During the infection treatment, do not hesitate to ask your doctor questions or queries, such as:

  • Have you ever been treated for vaginal infections?
  • Have you been taking over-the-counter products to treat the yeast infection?
  • Have you been on antibiotics recently?
  • Are you pregnant or diabetic?
  • Are you stressed?
  • Do you enjoy long scented soap and bubble baths?
  • What is your cleaning routine?

What Kind Of Medical Treatments Are Available For Yeast Infections?

Both you and your baby need to be treaed any time one of you has a yeast infection so you don’t keep passing it back and forth to each other.  Yeast is tenacious!  Be sure to ask both your obstetrician and baby’s pediatrician for medication to treat both of you.  Your partner can also develop a yeast infection on teh head of his penis; he may need to be treated as well.

To treat yeast infections the topical antibiotic treatments (directly applied to the affected area) are available over-the-counter without any prescription. These are vaginal creams, suppositories, and tablets that are often used to cure mild infections. However, recurrent infections may require an even longer duration of topical treatments.

Here are some commonly available topical drugs that can be applied to cure yeast infection. Miconazole (Micatin, Monistat), Terconazole (Terzol), and Clotrimazole (Lotrimin, Mycelex), Nystatin (Mycostatin) (this may not work in many cases as it has lost its efficiency over the time).

For yeast infection stomach some people use oral drugs for symptoms of die off, the most commonly available drugs are Fluconazole, and Itraconazole (Sporanox).

 

An alternative way to relieve the symptoms of yeast is to smear the area with live yogurt or wear a sanitary pad with live yogurt on the surface (for a short period of time). You can also try a warm bath with a few drops of vinegar added to the water. You should always wear cotton underwear since it allows your vagina to breathe. Do not wear tight jeans or pants that decrease the flow of air to this area and rub against it (if you already have yeast), making you more uncomfortable.

Home Remedies For Yeast Infections During Pregnancy?

Coconut oil: Coconut is loaded with anti-inflammatory and antifungal properties thus coconut oil detox die-off symptoms are effective. Coconut oil die off has showed active results and is part of the ancient medicinal practices.

Probiotics: Probiotics die off is considered to be effective because they populate healthy gut bacteria.  The die off reaction started inside the body as good bacteria fight with bad bacteria and ward of yeast infection. There are several studies to back die off probiotics power in yeast infections.

 

My Personal Tip.....
Avoid using perfumed soaps and bubble baths, which can hamper the work of natural flora in your vagina at fighting the candida infection. See your doctor, who will confirm the infection using a vaginal swab and may then prescribe a topical cream or a suppository to kill the candida (don’t use over-the-counter medicines and do not take oral medication for yeast). Usually, one prescribed suppository will clear the problem. If you are at the beginning of your pregnancy, you’ll probably have to wait until you are in your second trimester to have any treatment at all. Your partner will need to be treated too since yeast can be passed back and forth between you.

Yeast on your nipples may not be visible at all; your first symptom may be sharp, stabbing pain in the nipple.  Sometimes infected nipples crack, itch, burn, or turn bright red.  You may even experience shooting pains in the breast.

If your nipples are infected, your first treatment should be to always wash your hands before touching them.  Also, rinse your nipples after each feeding, using either plain water or a vinegar solution made with a tablespoon of vinegar per cup of water.  This changes the pH for the yeast to grow.

To cure the fungus, first, try a local treatment.  After each feeding, apply an antifungal cream to your nipples and areola.  Gently wipe off any excess if you can still see it before the next feeding.

Other home remedies are used to treat itching (some people use Apple Cider Vinegar diluted with water to wash vagina, some use tea tree oil.)

Anti-Inflammatory Eating Plan

A wide range of issues have been linked to Candida, including depression, digestive irregularities, poor concentration, chronic fatigue, thyroid disorders, and even multiple sclerosis and off course, systemic inflammation.  Sustained inflammation in the body can have serious and far-reaching consequences.

Vulvovaginal candidiasis usually presents as a thick, white, cottage cheeses-like discharge without a significant odor.  You may also have other skin irritation on your body or some noticeable digestive changes.  However, these kinds of changes can be differentiate from the other effects of pregnancy.  Dealing with Candida albicans, the primary infecting agent of Candida (more commonly known as a yeast infection), is usually based on a diet-driven strategy.

In Chinese medicine, we look for the root cause of an issue.  Where did this overgrowth come from? Certainly, not just sugar, which is so often to blame for Candida.  It is more probable that the origin is a digestive system that doesn’t effectively break down, assimilate, and appropriately eliminate what it’s taking in.  A strong digestive system should be able to tolerate moderate amounts of sugar and other Candida “culprits” such as gluten, starchy vegetables and dairy.  So, I don’t advocate a typical “eliminate sugar forever and everything else your normally eat” diet to control Candida.  Instead, I’m going to outline a super simple strategy for you to repair, strengthen, and build your digestion for long term normal eating that will help you rid Candida.

Once you’ve made a shift in your eating habits, you will be able to return to some of your favorite indulgences eventually in moderation.  On the backdrop of the new foundation you will create, they won’t impact you as negatively as they once may have.

I’m advocate of introducing foods rather than heavily eliminating them, especially during pregnancy, when the goal is often simply to eat whatever you can to make it through.   When you present right stuff to your system, the unhealthier cravings naturally become less severe.  Initially, we tend to crave foods that fuel our imbalances, but when your system is back in balance, it will do a good job of being attracted to things that are good for it or at least that it can tolerate well.

A food plan should be individualized medicine based on your immune system, digestive system, etc.  The following is a general outline of a typical anti-inflammatory eating strategy, which is crux of optimizing your digestion.  You can also ask your provider to order an igG food allergy test to identify your particular sensitivities to approximately ninety foods that are common triggers for hypersensitivity.  It might help you hone in more specifically on which foods to eliminate to best support you.

The main thing to focus on is eating five small protein based meals throughout the day.  This keeps your blood sugar stable and helps to metabolism.  Remember that protein is not just meat.  Think of other protein source such as almonds, walnuts, hummus, or quinoa.

Next focus on incorporating good quality fats and oils, avocado, coconut oil, sesame oil, and olive oil.  Cook with anti-inflammatory spices such as turmeric, rosemary, cumin and cinnamon.

Slow cooked foods are easiest to digest, because some of the work of breaking down the foods has already been done for you.  Bonus: One-pot cooking make elaborate meal planning a lot easier.  Its’s also great preparation for cooking for baby down the road.

And yes, of course at first, you’ll want to minimize if not entirely eliminate sugar for a few weeks just to give yourself a jumpstart.

If I had to pick one supplement to add to mix, I’d choose a probiotic.  Please note that antibiotics and anti-inflammatory agents (ironically) can contribute to Candida.

Successfully dietary changes usually require preparation so that you’re ready and equipped to support your new change.  So, draw on some of the principles and food above to create a personalized menu for yourself, map out your upcoming days, and figure out how you’re going to incorporate your new eating habits into your schedule.  And go stock up on groceries!

Eating away at inflammation is easy.  You just have to diligent.  Give yourself about four to six weeks before assessing how you’re feeling and whether or not the changes you’ve made are working for you.

 

How To Treat The Complicated Yeast Infection?

If topical solutions don’t work, consult your doctor, who can prescribed a medication to take care of the problem.  Also, be sure to talk to your lactation consultant.  She may have additional information on how to help your treat yeast infection during pregnancy.

To treat the complicated yeast infection, a long-course vaginal therapy is required. Treatment may take 7 to 14 days to remove the yeast infection.

For recurrent yeast infections, a series of medication routine is prescribed to prevent yeast overgrowth and future infections. Once the yeast infection is cleared doctor starts with a maintenance therapy that may go for up to 14 days.  This includes a regimen of oral fluconazole tablets once a week for six months.

Yeast Infection and Risk of Miscarriage

Yeast Infection and Miscarriage!
Yeast infections have not been associated with a higher risk of miscarriage
.

Recent studies have shown that there are some links between miscarriage due to bacterial vaginosis but such kind of risk are very very low.  So in my personal opinion we can’t add this bacterial disease in high risk of miscarriage, especially in First Trimester.

If you still need any help, don’t hesitate, ask your question in below comments and get a reply from this end.

Happy Pregnancy.

 

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